Boards are buoyant with the core usually made up of foam or honeycomb mixed with resin and coated with fibreglass. Metal screws are inserted to attach bindings and fins. The most popular wakeboards are Ronix, CWB, O'Brien, Hyperlite, Liquid Force, Company, Gator, Byerly and Slingshot.
The configuration and positioning of the fins and bindings varies according to rider preference and is adjusted for a variety of reasons. A wakeboarder will change the type of fins they use for different types of tricks. For example, shallow fins (which do not protrude into the water very far) are better for surface tricks, such as flat spins. Many newer board models contain small moulded fins on the board which allows the rider to use smaller centre fins and also to create less drag.
Board hardware is often set up to allow a rider to ride "Switch" or Fakie, with either foot forward. Such setups are usually symmetrical in layout. New riders normally set up their boards to be comfortable to ride with their "natural" foot forward, which does not allow for riding Switch without modifications.
For best results and easy wakeboarding, this sport is normally done in lakes, though the intercoastal waterways are also becoming popular.


There are boats made just for wakeboarding. Some of these wakeboard boat brands are Nautique, Malibu, MasterCraft, Correct Craft, Tigé, Centurion, Moomba, and MB and Epic. Although it is possible to wakeboard behind nearly any boat which can achieve the required speeds 30km/h (18+ mph), the best results are obtained from specialized wakeboard boats. These boats resemble an inboard runabout of about 5.5 to 7.3 metres (18 to 24 ft), but with specialized equipment. Some riders use a PWC in place of a full-size boat for surface tricks or a rail session.
The most common difference between a regular runabout and a wakeboarding boat is the wakeboard tower, normally constructed of thick-walled stainless steel or aluminium tubing, which places the "pull point" about 2 metres (7 ft) off the water's surface. The high tow point gives the rider more control and ease jumping up onto the board. Most boats also have a variable ballast system, which allows for water to be pumped into and out of ballast bags from the surrounding water. Adding ballast increases displacement, and consequently enlarges the wake produced.
A significanta portion of wakeboarding boats utilize V-drive propulsion. These boats have a regular inboard engine, but are turned 180° such that the transmission is in front of the engine, rather than behind, which is the more common layout. The prop shaft exits the transmission towards the rear of the boat, so that the prop is placed directly under the engine. When viewed from the side, such a layout appears as a "V" lying on its side. This layout allows for better weight distribution(with the engine farther aft), and places the prop farther forward, which reduces the danger of the spinning prop near the stern of the vessel, where riders enter and exit the water.


Using edging techniques, the rider can move outside of the wake or cut rapidly in toward the wake. Jumps are performed by hitting the wake and launching into the air. This can also be done by hitting a kicker (a jump). There is also the slider (a rail bar)in which a rider approaches and rides along keeping his balance. Once a rider improves in the sport, he or she can progress to tricks high in the air. As the rope tightens the rider gains speed and momentum toward the wake. When the rider goes airborne, the tightened rope launches him. While in the air the rider attempts to do tricks. Tricks vary from beginner to intermediate.


The "rocker" is the bend in a wakeboard from tip to tail. There are many various types of rocker shapes, but the most common are the continuous and three-stage rocker. A continuous rocker is a smooth curve that does not change from tip to tail, while a three-stage rocker has two distinct bend points, almost like a skateboard deck but not nearly as drastic.
Wakeboards with continuous rocker are faster to ride because the water flows without disruption across the bottom of the wakeboard. Wakeboards with a three-stage rocker push more water in front of the wakeboard, making the ride slower, however riders are able to jump higher off the water because of the three-stage rocker which increases the "pop" off the wake.


Throughout the years different riders have been known to ride wakeboards that may seem too big or too small for them according to the manufacturer’s sizing chart. The reason is that wakeboards a size smaller or a size bigger can help distinguish a certain style of riding. Using a smaller wakeboard will make the wakeboard feel lighter, spin faster and seem more aggressive but also make landing neatly more difficult. Using a larger wakeboard lends a slower, smoother style.


The width of a wakeboard directly affects how high it sits in the water. There are three places to check wakeboard widths: tips and tails – those are generally the same – and in the middle. Narrower tips and tails sit lower and make the wakeboard turn more aggressively. Wider tips and tails allow for more surface tricks, and a better release for spins off the wake. However, the main variable that changes with the width of the middle of the wakeboard is the height that can be gained off the water - the wider the middle of the board, the higher it will sit in the water and the harder it will bounce off the wake.

Bottom design

There are many different bottom designs in wakeboards – it is a feature wakeboard shapers use to express their own style. On the bottom of the wakeboard you will see concaves, channels or maybe nothing at all. Each performs a different function, fine-tuning how the wakeboard rides through the water according to its width from tip to tail, fin setup, rocker and tip and tail shape.
Concaves create lift and make the wakeboard sit higher in the water. Ever so simply, concaves in different areas of the wakeboard created lift in different areas of the wakeboard. For instance, a double concave in the middle and a single concave in the tip and tail keep the wakeboard riding higher in the water overall. But the double concave in the middle will always sit higher than the single concave.
Channels act like long fins. It’s something for the water to run into and along to help the wakeboard edge harder. If there are channels through the middle of the wakeboard and not at the tip or tail, it will be a hard-edging wakeboard but will still release well through the wake, depending on the fin setup. On a wakeboard with channels running through the tip and tail, the fins will hook better and the wakeboard will not release as well through the wake. Finally, a featureless wakeboard bottom basically lets the tip and tail shape, and the width throughout the rocker and the fins determine the nature of the board.

Fins and placement

The closer the fins are placed towards the centre of the wakeboard, the quicker and better the wakeboard releases from the wake. The farther out towards the tip and tail they are placed, the longer the wakeboard will stay hooked into the wake and it won’t release as well.
Long based fins Their effect is almost the same as a short fin with a long base because they have a similar amount of surface area. Long-based fins release better, give the wakeboard a loose, snowboard-like feel when riding flat through the water, and they hold up better on rails and ramps.
Moulded fins These are just big channels in the board that act like fins and hold up on rails and ramps. Moulded fins are slippery, but most boards have a removable centre fin.
Multi-finned set-ups These capture the maximum edge hold and aggressiveness into the wake and through the wake.
Canted side fins These are fins that lean out on an angle. These fins are not as active when the wakeboard is riding flat through the water, but the more you lean on edge the more the wakeboard hooks up. The inside fin digs while the outside lifts, creating leverage to help the wakeboard edge hard. Great for 50-50 grinds, nose presses and tail presses.
Cupped side fins They have the same effect as canted fins but add more of a push-pull effect. The cupped fin allows you to use a smaller fin but still get the hold of a bigger fin due to the increased surface area of the cupped side of the fin. These fins are very deceiving – they look small and loose but really aren’t.
No Fins Some riders prefer to ride finless, as some boards are specifically designed for cable parks or other uses, some uses of which can benefit from a finless design.

Wakeboarding maneuvers

As with many freestyle sports such as snowboarding and surfing, there is almost a separate language of terms to describe various tricks. The more height, the more "pop". So therefore the rider's edge is very important to the height of the jump. Heading towards the wake chest facing the boat is known as a heelside edge; approaching from the other direction with chest facing away from the boat is known as toeside edge. A typical beginner to intermediate rider will tend to have an easier time hitting the wake heelside because it tends to come more naturally to the rider, while more advanced riders can hit the wake both heelside as well as toeside.
Beer spin - 180 tailgrab.
Tsunami Flip - the rider jumps high then does a backflip but in the middle of the flip let go of the rope and catch it again, then finish the flip and try to land it (invented by James Wright)
Fashion Air - the rider curls the board behind towards the butt while keeping knees pointing down, arches back, and throws back hand up behind the head for a stylish vanity pose.
Raley - the rider hits the wake and allows their body to swing backwards, up overhead, parallel to the water. The rider then swings the board and his or her body down and lands on the other side of the wake.
Fakie or switch - the rider rides the board with their weak foot forward (opposite of their normal stance,i.e. left foot or right foot forward).
911 - A raley tweaked out(shifty) with a whole ton style
Switch air raley - the rider starts and ends an air raley in the switch position.
Batwing - Toeside raley with Indy graw with the board perpendicular to the water as opposed to parallel.
Butter slide - a rider approaches the wake, "snaps" the board sideways so that they can slide on top of the wake.
Surface 360 - a rider spins the board 360 degrees while riding the surface of the water.
Dave 'Barron' Front - the same as a backroll but the other way.
Tantrum - a rider back flips over the wake on an axis perpendicular to the direction of the board.
Helly - 540 spin with indy grab
Backroll - a rider flips (or rolls) over the wake on an axis parallel to the direction of the board, as if he/she were following it around like a continuous loop
Frontroll - a rider flips forward (or rolls) over the wake on an axis parallel to the direction of the board.
Boardslide - a rider approaches an obstacle and slides the board—perpendicular with the obstacle—along the obstacle,with the obstacle in between the rider's feet.
Half-cab - when doing a trick from your switch stance and landing it with your regular stance.
Tootsie Roll - Front roll to blindside 180.
Blind Judge - Backside raley to blindside 180.
Scarecrow - Toeside front roll with frontside 180.
Crow Mobe - Scarecrow with an extra 180 (Frontroll with a frontside 360)
Dev-glass - Butter slide one side of the wake and from that side jump all the way to the other side of the wake landing on a Butter slide.
Bel Air - Tantrum without using the wake for air.
Air Krypt - Toeside air raley with 180 degree turn, land opposite direction from take off.
Soldat air - 540 spin with tail or nose grab.
Hoochie Glide - Air Raley with method grab.
Basket flip - Double Beer flip.
Whirlybird - Tantrum Mobius with overhead 360 (no handle pass)
Tweety Bird - Whirlybird without using wake for air.
Osmosis 540 - Frontside 540 where instead of passing the handle behind the back, the rider pops the handle and catches it again upon the end of the rotation.
Backslide Alley-Oop-Huge jump with 180 turn landing on reverse butter slide on same side of wake as you hit.
S-bend - Heelside raley with hands overhead spinng a backside 360 horizontally
S-Bend to Blind - Heeliside raley with handside overhead spinning a backside 360 horizontally finishing with a quick 180 with one hand behind your back
S-Bend 720 - Heelside Raley with hands overhead spinning 2 quick backside 360 horizontally landing in triumph. Chris Nolan was the first person ever to land this trick
Millport Shuffle - Total inability to leave the water.


1 2 (one two not twelve)
Your front hand grab the heel edge behind your back foot.
Your rear hand grab the hell side of the board front for the front bindings.
Canadian bacon
Performed with the trailing hand passing through the legs from behind, and grabbing the toe edge between the feet.
Chicken salad
Performed with the leading hand passing through the legs from the front, and grabbing the heel edge between the feet.
Performed with the rear hand grabbing the toe edge in front of the front foot.
A fundamental trick performed by grabbing the toe edge between the bindings with the trailing hand.
Lien air
The snowboarder grabs heelside near the front binding with his/her leading hand. The origin of the name of the trick is the reverse spelling of skateboarder Neil Blender's first name.
Performed by grabbing the heel edge between the bindings with the leading hand.
Front hand grabs the nose of the board.
The rear hand grabs the nose of the board.
Roast beef
Back hand grabs through the legs to the heel edge.
The front hand reaches across the body and grabs the toe edge behind the back binding.
The front hand grabs the heel side front for the front foot.
Back hand grabs the heel edge of the board between your feet’s .
This is similar to the Tindy. Back hand grabs on heel edge between rear binding and tail.
Back hand grabs the tail of the board.
Taipan air
The front hand reaches behind the front foot and grabs the toe edge between the bindings.
your front hand grab the tail of the board.

The rider is usually towed behind a motorboat; typically at speeds of 18–24 miles per hour depending on the water conditions, board size, rider's weight, and rider's comfort speed. But wakeboarding can also be performed with a variety of media including closed-course cables, winches, PWCs, and ATVs.

Some more about!


Wakeboarding can be a very fun and exciting activity if you keep yourself safe. Children and adults alike can enjoy the benefits of wakeboarding whether they are doing it to stay fit or simply to have fun in the water. Here are some beginner wakeboarding tips for both young and old water enthusiasts.

What you can?

Find out how to do a deepwater wakeboard start, which foot forward, frontside and backside tips and tricks, gear care, and more. Learn tricks such as the bunny hop, heelside and toeside moves, method grab, ollie, surfing, slides, and more.



Combine the wide variety of grabs that exist with the number of inverts, and you have a limitless selection of combinations that allow riders to show their unique style. A grab is performed when a rider grabs the board in various locations with their hand. The secret to grabs is to bring the board to your body as opposed to reaching for the board.